Causes of the War on Terrorism

War on terrorism, a phrase used to explain the American led global counter terrorism plan launched in reaction to the terrorist attacks of September eleven, 2001.

In the scope of its, impact, and expenditure on international associations, the battle on terrorism was much like the Cold War; it was meant to stand for a brand new stage in global political associations and has had essential implications for security, human rights, international law, cooperation, and governance.

The war on terrorism was a multidimensional plan of nearly endless scope. Its army dimension required big wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, covert activities in Yemen, large scale military assistance applications for cooperative routines, and main increases in military spending. Its intelligence dimension comprised institutional reorganization as well as substantial increases in the financial backing of America’s intelligence gathering features, a worldwide system of capturing terrorist suspects and interning them at Guantánamo Bay, broadened cooperation with international intelligence agencies, as well as the tracking as well as interception of terrorist financing.

Its diplomatic dimension provided continuing attempts to construct and keep a worldwide coalition of partner states as well as organizations and a comprehensive public diplomacy plan to counter anti-Americanism in the Middle East. The domestic dimension of the U.S. war on terrorism entailed brand new anti-terrorism legislation, like the Patriot Act; different security institutions, like the Department of Homeland Security; the preventive detainment of a large number of suspects; surveillance and intelligence gathering applications by the National Security Agency (NSA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), as well as regional authorities; the strengthening of emergency response procedures; and improved protection steps for airports, borders, as well as public occasions.

The successes of the first years of the war on terrorism provided the arrest of plenty of terrorist suspects around the globe, the prevention of more large scale terrorist attacks on the American mainland, the toppling of the Taliban regime as well as consequent closure of terrorist training camps in Afghanistan, the capture or maybe elimination of several of Al-Qaeda ‘s senior users, as well as greater amounts of international cooperation in worldwide counter terrorism efforts.

Nevertheless, critics argued that the problems of America’s counter terrorism plan outweighed its achievements. They contended that the battle in Afghanistan had successfully scattered the Al Qaeda network, therefore making it much tougher to counteract, and that the strikes in Iraq and Afghanistan had increased anti Americanism among the world’s Muslims, therefore amplifying the idea of militant Islam and uniting disparate organizations in the same cause. Various other critics alleged that the battle on terrorism was a contrived smokescreen for the goal of a bigger U.S. geopolitical agenda which provided controlling worldwide oil reserves, increasing defense spending, growing the country’s international army presence, and countering the strategic problem posed by different regional powers.